Vaccines are medications that are used to prevent disease. In horses, the most common is to vaccinate against tetanus and influenza (flu), but may also be advisable vaccination against equine rinonemonitis and against equine encephalomyelitis. Although the shots you need an animal depend on its characteristics and the area you live in, give general recommendations to help you know what shots you need a horse .
Tetanus is a disease caused by a toxin produced by a bacterium called Clostridium tetani . Infection generally occurs through wounds , and, although the tetanus can affect most animal species, are extremely sensitive equine.
The most common is to use a vaccine that protects against both tetanus and influenza , administering a first dose in animals over two months old and then a memory at 4 weeks. After these are revaccinated annually.
Influenza. Influenza or flu is caused by a virus and although not as severe as the previous illness, can have very serious consequences in horses. This fact, together with his character extremely contagious , make vaccination is highly recommended.
Normally the same frequency follows that vaccination with tetanus.
Equine rinoneumonitis. Caused by two types of equine herpesvirus (EHV-1 and EHV-4), can give respiratory and reproductive symptoms (abortions).
The vaccine is needed in breeding animals to help prevent abortions and others advisable to avoid breathing problems. In pregnant animals a dose is administered in the months fifth, seventh and ninth gestation. In males, the first vaccination dose contains 3, applying the second one month after the first and the third six months after the second. From there, revaccinated annually.
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